Carrots - a biennial plant, in the first year of life forms a rosette of leaves and roots, in the second year of life - a seed bush and seeds. Carrots are widely distributed, including in Mediterranean countries, Africa, Australia, New Zealand and America (up to 60 species).
The composition of carrot:
Root carrots contain carotenes, phytoene, phytofluene and lycopene. In small quantities contains pantothenic and ascorbic acid, flavonoids, anthocyans, fatty and essential oils, umbrelifsron, lysine, ornithine, histidine, cysteine, asparagine, serine, threonine, proline, methionine, tyrosine, leucine, as well as group of vitamins B, flavonoid derivatives and fatty oil.
Useful properties of carrots:
Carrot is useful for a variety of diseases: anemia, bronchitis, certain skin, cardiovascular disease, wound healing, and especially to the eyes. A typical manifestation of A-vitamin deficiency is night blindness, when vision disorders occur at dusk and at night. However, not all carotene is absorbed and assimilated. The synthesis of vitamin and its assimilation is possible only with a normally functioning liver, a sufficient amount of bile. Vitamin A is best absorbed with fat. Therefore, vegetables containing carotene, it is best to use in the form of salads and vinaigrettes, seasoned with sour cream or vegetable oil.

List of vitamins:

Vitamin A is involved in oxidation-reduction processes, regulation of protein synthesis, promotes normal metabolism, functions of cellular and subcellular membranes, plays an important role in the formation of bones and teeth, as well as fat deposits, is necessary for the growth of new cells, slows down the aging process.

Systemic thiamine deficiency is a causal factor in the development of a number of serious disorders, the leading place in which the lesions of the nervous system occupy. The complex of consequences of thiamine deficiency is known as the beriberi disease.

Vitamin B2 is necessary for the formation of erythrocytes, antibodies, for the regulation of growth and reproductive functions in the body. It is also necessary for the health of the skin, nails, hair growth and in general for the health of the whole organism, including the function of the thyroid gland.

Vitamin B3 dilates the small blood vessels (including the brain), improves microcirculation, has a weak anticoagulant effect, increasing the fibrinolytic activity of the blood. It has detoxification properties.

Vitamin B6 is found in many products. Especially a lot of it is contained in the grain sprouts, walnuts and hazelnuts, spinach, potatoes and carrots, color and cabbage, tomatoes, strawberries, cherries, oranges and lemons, avocados.

Vitamin B9 is essential for the growth and development of the circulatory and immune systems. This vitamin is necessary for the creation and maintenance of healthy cells in a healthy state, so its presence is especially important during periods of rapid development of the body and in early childhood.

Vitamin C is used as a restorative and stimulating immune system for various diseases (colds, oncological, etc.), and also prophylactically with insufficient intake of food, for example, in the winter-spring period.

Vitamin E prevents the formation of thrombi and promotes their absorption. It also improves fertility, reduces and prevents hot flashes in the menopause. Vitamin E is also used in cosmetology to preserve youthful skin, it promotes skin healing and reduces the risk of scar tissue formation.

Vitamin K plays a significant role in the metabolism of bones and connective tissue, as well as in healthy kidney work. In all these cases, the vitamin is involved in the assimilation of calcium and in ensuring the interaction of calcium and vitamins D and B, in other tissues, for example, in the lungs and in the heart.