Melon is a plant of the pumpkin family, from the genus of cucumbers, melon culture, and falsely-berry. Homeland of melons are considered Africa, East India, Middle and Minor Asia. It is known that it was grown in ancient Egypt.
Wild melon at the present time practically does not meets. Cultural forms obtained by selection of the Asian weed-field types, which are preserved to this day.
Nutritive properties of melon:
Melon contains vitamins B1, B2, B3, A, C. Melon is extremely rich in iron: its mass fraction in melon is 17 times larger than in milk. In addition to iron, melon contains potassium, calcium, sodium and chlorine. Melon is recommended for taking with exhaustion and anemia, as well as atherosclerosis and certain other cardiovascular diseases. Melon enhances the action of antibiotics, reducing their toxicity.

List of vitamins:

Vitamin A is involved in oxidation-reduction processes, regulation of protein synthesis, promotes normal metabolism, functions of cellular and subcellular membranes, plays an important role in the formation of bones and teeth, as well as fat deposits, is necessary for the growth of new cells, slows down the aging process.

Systemic thiamine deficiency is a causal factor in the development of a number of serious disorders, the leading place in which the lesions of the nervous system occupy. The complex of consequences of thiamine deficiency is known as the beriberi disease.

Vitamin B2 is necessary for the formation of erythrocytes, antibodies, for the regulation of growth and reproductive functions in the body. It is also necessary for the health of the skin, nails, hair growth and in general for the health of the whole organism, including the function of the thyroid gland.

Vitamin B3 dilates the small blood vessels (including the brain), improves microcirculation, has a weak anticoagulant effect, increasing the fibrinolytic activity of the blood. It has detoxification properties.

Vitamin C is used as a restorative and stimulating immune system for various diseases (colds, oncological, etc.), and also prophylactically with insufficient intake of food, for example, in the winter-spring period.