Basil is an aromatic plant (shrub), has white or slightly pink flowers, located in a rosette of leaves around the stem, oval-shaped leaves, shiny. Especially valuable are varieties with purple, lilac petals.
Nutritive properties of basil:
Basil contains vitamins B1, B2, PP, ascorbic acid. Of spicy plants for the content of ascorbic acid, basil is on the fourth place after parsley, black bitter with green pepper, red pepper and red fruits. In the basilica a lot of rutin, contains essential oils, glycosides, saponins. The most fragrant leaves and young shoots at the beginning of flowering reggan. At this time, they are cut and dried to prepare a powder, which is used in a mixture with other plants as a seasoning in the winter. The green of the basil has a very pleasant, gentle and absolutely unique taste and smell. Young leaves are also used for pickling and canning cucumbers and tomatoes.

List of vitamins:

Vitamin A is involved in oxidation-reduction processes, regulation of protein synthesis, promotes normal metabolism, functions of cellular and subcellular membranes, plays an important role in the formation of bones and teeth, as well as fat deposits, is necessary for the growth of new cells, slows down the aging process.

Systemic thiamine deficiency is a causal factor in the development of a number of serious disorders, the leading place in which the lesions of the nervous system occupy. The complex of consequences of thiamine deficiency is known as the beriberi disease.

Vitamin B2 is necessary for the formation of erythrocytes, antibodies, for the regulation of growth and reproductive functions in the body. It is also necessary for the health of the skin, nails, hair growth and in general for the health of the whole organism, including the function of the thyroid gland.

Vitamin B6 is found in many products. Especially a lot of it is contained in the grain sprouts, walnuts and hazelnuts, spinach, potatoes and carrots, color and cabbage, tomatoes, strawberries, cherries, oranges and lemons, avocados.

Vitamin B9 is essential for the growth and development of the circulatory and immune systems. This vitamin is necessary for the creation and maintenance of healthy cells in a healthy state, so its presence is especially important during periods of rapid development of the body and in early childhood.

Vitamin C is used as a restorative and stimulating immune system for various diseases (colds, oncological, etc.), and also prophylactically with insufficient intake of food, for example, in the winter-spring period.

Vitamin E prevents the formation of thrombi and promotes their absorption. It also improves fertility, reduces and prevents hot flashes in the menopause. Vitamin E is also used in cosmetology to preserve youthful skin, it promotes skin healing and reduces the risk of scar tissue formation.

Vitamin K plays a significant role in the metabolism of bones and connective tissue, as well as in healthy kidney work. In all these cases, the vitamin is involved in the assimilation of calcium and in ensuring the interaction of calcium and vitamins D and B, in other tissues, for example, in the lungs and in the heart.